Founded in the early 1980s, Fazenda São Paulo is an business group in the agricultural business, with a modern profile and active in all its ramifications. Fazenda São Paulo is composed of three production units and its brand is the entrepreneurship and success in agribusiness, focusing in technology in social and environmental responsibility. The spotlight is in its modern system of management, diversification, and ability to generate jobs and income for Fazenda São Paulo I (Oliveira Unit), located on the margins of the Fernão Dias Highway, one of the most important and modern highways in Brazil, with highlight on coffee farming.
In this unit, 1,200 Nelore breed animals are kept for fattening. The main cattle nutrition source is natural pasture, which is subjected to rotational handling and fertilizer irrigation (swine dejects), making it for a high animal yield per hectare.
Aiming to improve the carcass yield of the herd, semi-confinement is strategically conducted, a system that is widely used in extensive cattle farming, where the animals are selected and incorporated into paddocks and receive a balanced nutrition, providing a homogenous result and great finishing herd. All of this is combined with a rigorous sanitation and health control, which definitely ensures that the product is ready for the most demanding markets.
Fazenda São Paulo has a total area of 1,900 hectares and its coffee farming is a prominent activity. Currently, about 3,500,000 coffee trees are grown in an area of 600 ha. The production focuses on the specialty coffee that stand out for acreage and quality of its products. Among the varieties of coffee grown by Fazenda São Paulo, the highlights are catuaí, catucaí, mundo novo, iapar and the traditional yellow bourbon. Except for the seeds, which are acquired from producers with duly certified production standards, the seedlings are produced in its own nursery, monitored since planting.
The farm includes a structure for receiving and processing of coffee that arrives from the crops and its main products are the cherry and natural coffee. The cherry coffee is prepared by wet method, with shell elimination and mucilage, resulting in pulped coffee. The natural coffee is prepared by dry method, and in this process, the berries are separated from impurities and by maturation stages, which provides a more uniform drying of the grains.
In both processes, the pre-drying is conducted on paved yards. After this step the product goes to mechanical drying, in which the mass temperature does not exceed 45oC. The storage before processing is done in dry and well ventilated bins. The processed coffee is bagged and stored on the farm in a location that allows for optimal conservation of the product until it is sold.
Even with so much care in production, the farm does not stop thinking about its social and environmental responsibility. Because of this consciousness, Fazenda São Paulo received the seal “Rainforest Alliance”, being certified by the Sustainable Agriculture Network and is also “UTZ Certified”, which is a certification by UTZ itself. These certifications are responsible for the creation of a transparent and open market for agricultural products, getting to be the largest coffee certification programs in the world. Through detailed conduct codes, these programs provide independent assurance of sustainable production and supply, biodiversity conservation, as well as the traceability of the coffee to its origin.
Investing in sustainable growth, Fazenda São Paulo has its production targeted for sale of timber, coal production, and self-consumption, mainly for the processing of coffee grains.
Created in 2005, São Paulo Armazéns Gerais Ltda. – SPAG, is another branch connected to Group Fazenda São Paulo, aiming to process and store the maize production from the Oliveira region. With a storage capacity of 200,000 sacks, SPAG has its own scales, reception and corn classification, grain dryers, pre-cleaning systems, anti-fungi applicators, and natural pesticides, with bins fitted with aerators and thermometry. All of that is provided at reasonable prices, so that the producer can store its harvests with trust and economy. The purpose is to stimulate themaize production in the Oliveira region, since this is a major ingredient needed for the functioning of Fazenda São Paulo farmhouses. SPAG, as well as the other activities in the farm, is being invested on in order to achieve excellence in service quality, and quality costumer service, so as to obtain an extreme trustful and guaranteed product. This unit has a modern feed factory with a production capacity of 80 tons/day for internal or external consumption.
The sheep farming, as well as other farming activities, is conducted by specialized staff in a professional manner. This specialization provides us a high performance in handling animals in the breeding season and ensures high performance indexes such as pregnancy rate and others.
The farm now has a herd of 500 half-bred ewes, derived from crosses with the breeds Santa Ines and White Dorper, Dorper and Texel, and 15 rams of the same breeds all with fully ascertained provenance and genetics. Focusing on the production of lambs for slaughter, a mating system is conducted, with these breeds of different aptitudes, called tri-cross breeding, which allows for an increase in the growth rates of the lambs for slaughter and the quality of raw material for the meatpacking industry.
This business segment has been gaining prominence, and has already become an alternative for many agricultural producers, such as Fazenda. With the increased consumption of sheep meat in butcher shops, large restaurants and steakhouses as a premium product, the interest of the breeders in genetically improve its animals has also increased, making for a more profitable business, since production is still limited.
Fazenda São Paulo has been raising quality swine for over twenty years and because of its dedication, it has earned a prominent place in the pig farming industry, which today is one of the main activities of the group. Through a bold and entrepreneurial activity in 1987, along with Agroceres Pic and Dbdambred, it has developed an implementing project of the activity in the region. Since then, the farm has been strongly investing in technology, genetics and staff training, also counting on renowned consultants in the sanitation and nutrition fields.
Swine farming uses the latest in swine production technology. Fazenda São Paulo has about 5,000 sows, which places it among the top five farms of the state of Minas Gerais and among the top ten independent farms in Brazil. Artificial insemination, processed in our own laboratory, is used in 100% of the herd. Throughout the process, a strict discipline of nutrition and health management is maintained, resulting in the certification by the MAPA (Ministério da Agricultura Pecuária e Abastecimento – Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Supply) and GSMD (Granja de Suínos com Mínimo de Doenças – Swine Farm with Minimum Disease), a certificate that testifies that the farm is free of pests and diseases.
Concerned with the environment conservation, the company has the most advanced system for treatment of swine dejects. Through biodigesters, swine dejects are stored in cells, going through a decomposing process, where methane gas is separated and used in the temperature control system of nursery animals, or it could be burned or compressed to generate energy. The liquid portion of these residues is used for fertilization irrigation of pastures and coffee crops. The solid part is used for organic fertilizer, through a compost process. We count on the best professionals in the region, when it comes to our herd control and maintenance, so higher quality animals can be produced, in order to meet our clients’ needs.