Fazenda São Paulo II is located in the city of Bonfinópolis de Minas, northwest of Minas Gerais, and it covers an area of 3,592 hectares. In this unit the following activities are developed: crops of soybean, beans, corn and sorghum; cattle, cattle confinement, and swine farming. In this unit, the grain planting is highlighted, utilizing modern production techniques, such as direct planting and irrigation through a central pivot. This ensures an excellent production with environmental stability and equilibrium.
In modern agriculture, profit, cost reduction, and success evaluation depend on a careful use of financial resources. In this search process for a bigger profitability, Fazenda São Paulo makes decisions regarding the bean cultivation according to the available production and risk factors.
The cattle in this unit are comprised of a herd of about 1,200 animals of the breeds Nelore and Aberdeen angus, raised at Fazenda São Paulo III. Extensive and intensive cattle farming with confinement are used. Since the year 2000, Fazenda São Paulo has adopted the ILP system (Integração Lavoura Pecuária – Cattle Crop Integration), allowing for the rational use and handling of the soil, rotation and succession of agricultural and cattle farming within the property in a planned manner. The cattle feedlot system can increase beef production in the off-season. Another important factor in this cattle farming segment is to rationalize the land use, avoiding deforestation and improper land use.
The cattle herd of this unit is entirely tracked according to SISBOV (Supply Chain Traceability of Cattle and Buffaloes – Sistema de Rastreabilidade da Cadeia Produtiva de Bovinos e Bubalinos), developed by the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Supply. In the livestock business, traceability is a very important process of cattle identification, which is necessary for the monitoring of all events in the life of the animal such as, immunizations, handling, transfers and herd transportation. For this process, the farm has the technical and professional advisory services of specialized companies with over 15 years of agribusiness activities.
The farm utilizes the traditional and transgenic corn planting. Dry and irrigated planting is performed. The latest production techniques are used in order to reduce costs and improve productivity, such as the application of fungicides via airplanes. Corn nowadays is in the line of foods and biofuels, and one of the most important grains being commercialized in the whole world. Following Fazenda São Paulo’s example, many companies in several countries that produce corn in commercial scale are investing highly in technology and plant genetic improvement, in search of a better performance.
Fazenda São Paulo has sorghum as an activity that drives itself towards self-sustainability, since this is a product from our own crops, used for the nutrition of confined animals as silage. The sorghum is also planted for soil recycling, instead of using agriculture products for the correction, which aligns with our profile, with the responsibility of collaborating with a correctly viable crop and concern with the environment, avoiding the use of pesticides and other products in the soil for its correction, thus mixing the rotation of this crop with the “safrinha” beans.
Brazil is the second country in the list of international soy producers, and is only behind the United States of America. Fazenda São Paulo contributes and is proud of the Brazilian production of this grain, so rich in proteins, cultivated as food for human and animals. In this unit the direct planting of soy is performed, being it transgenic or conventional, always searching for a bigger productivity and lower costs, and respecting the environment.
Fazenda São Paulo has a post-weaning and termination structure prepared to receive the swine sent from the nurseries located in Oliveira unit. These are destined for commercialization in the region of Bonfinópolis. This unit also has a modern feed factory, with ah capacity of 20 tons/day of feed, and a warehouse with a capacity for 70,000 sacks of corn.